Preventative medicine has emerged since the past century as a fundamental pillar for maintaining an optimal state of health and preventing the development of diseases. In this context, the recent advances in genetics allowed new paradigms in medicine, offering great potential in both disease prevention and treatment. One of the standout tools in this domain is genetic testing or DNA tests, which allow the analysis of the information contained in our genetic material, providing valuable insights into our individual characteristics and genetic predisposition to various pathologies
What Are Genetic Tests?
Genetic Tests are specialized analyses that enable the study of our DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins, and metabolites. These tests aim to detect variations of the DNA for clinical purposes. They can be used for different purposes like: Planning exercise and diet, assessing metabolism, preventing hereditary conditions and assessing risk for certain diseases. These tests provide crucial information for the prevention, diagnosis, and early treatment of various diseases.
Prevention and early disease identification
In recent years, genetics has shifted, transitioning from a specialized field to a fundamental one in the medical spectrum. With the complete decoding of the human genome, a window to a vast treasure trove of genetic information has opened. This explosion of knowledge has laid the foundation for precision personalized medicine, where treatments and prevention are tailored to our unique genetic profile.
One of the most significant achievements of Genetic Tests is the ability to prevent diseases or identify them in their early stages. With these tests, we can anticipate the risk of diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disorders, neurological disorders, metabolic diseases, and hereditary conditions. This anticipation enables the implementation of preventative measures, lifestyle changes, and early detection, all of which can make a significant difference in the prognosis and quality of life for individuals.
These advancements not only transform the perspective of patients but also medical practice. As healthcare professionals, we can now personalize our approach to prevention and treatment based on the genetic predisposition of our patients. This means that we not only address the disease when it appears, but also work proactively to prevent its manifestation or to detect it in its early stages, where interventions can be more effective.
Types of Genetic Tests and Their Purposes
At METSI Care, we take pride in being at the forefront of medical advances, especially in the field of genetic testing. Our commitment to our patients' health and well-being drives us to offer the most advanced and comprehensive genetic testing available. This allows us not only to provide personalized and appropriate solutions but also precise recommendations, ultimately leading to better health outcomes. Here is a list of some of the tests that METSI Care offers for our patients:
Performance & Exercise tests: this tool can measure and assess an individual's ability and efficiency in performing specific tasks related to sports, physical activity, or exercise. These tests provide valuable information about physical capacity, skills, strength, endurance, power, agility, and other relevant aspects that may be important for optimizing performance in a specific discipline.
The results obtained in a performance test can help design personalized training programs, identify areas for improvement, set realistic goals, and evaluate progress over time.
Metabolism Assessment : genetic testing service designed to provide insights into various critical factors that influence weight management. By analyzing an individual's genetic makeup, it offers personalized recommendations for diet and exercise to enhance outcomes. Overweight and obesity are linked to various chronic diseases. Precision nutrition, considering an individual's genetic code, age, sex, and health status, is crucial for effective weight management. The Metabolism Assessment offers vital insights to tailor recommendations, enhancing the potential for successful and sustained weight management outcomes.Key Areas Addressed by these test:
Saturated Fats:Genetic insights regarding the body's response to saturated fats.
Understanding genetic predispositions related to sweet cravings.
Eating Behaviors:Insights into genetic factors influencing eating patterns and behaviors.
Obesity Risk: Genetic assessment of susceptibility to obesity.
Carbohydrates: Understanding genetic responses to carbohydrate consumption.
Exercise Requirements:Recommendations for exercise based on genetic makeup.
Test for Optimal Health:The analysis primarily focuses on identifying unique DNA sequences within specific genes. The goal is to pinpoint certain genetic changes, known as polymorphisms, within these genes. These polymorphisms have been extensively studied and correlated with an individual's risk of developing particular chronic diseases or experiencing altered metabolic processes.
By detecting and assessing the presence or absence of these polymorphisms, the test can qualitatively evaluate specific areas of health risk associated with the identified genes. However, to achieve a comprehensive assessment of health risks, the test also takes into account environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle. The interaction between genetic factors and environmental influences is crucial in understanding an individual's overall health risks and potential strategies for optimizing their health.
Cancer Risk Assessment : It can identify genetic mutations that can increase the risk of developing cancer. These mutations can be inherited, meaning they are passed down from parents to children, or they can occur spontaneously.
There are many different types of Cancer Risk Assessment Genetic Tests, and each one focuses on a specific genetic mutation or group of mutations. Some of the most common Cancer Risk Assessment Genetic Tests include:
Tests to detect mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which increase the risk of breast, ovarian, prostate, and pancreatic cancer.
Tests to detect mutations in the APC, MUTYH, and Lynch genes, which increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
Tests to detect mutations in the TP53, Li-Fraumeni, and Cowden genes, which increase the risk of several types of cancer, including breast cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, and skin cancer.
Alzheimer’s Risk Assessment: involves a genetic test focused on the APOE gene to determine an individual's risk for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). The APOE gene has different variants, including E2, E3, and E4 alleles. This test specifically identifies and interprets the presence or absence of these alleles in an individual's DNA.The Alzheimer's Risk Assessment provides valuable information about an individual's genetic predisposition to late-onset Alzheimer's disease, allowing for potential risk assessment and informed decision-making regarding their health and lifestyle.
Genetic Tests represent a revolution in preventative medicine, providing vital information for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases. Identifying the genetic predisposition to certain diseases allows for preventative measures and an improved quality of life. We invite you to consider Genetic Tests as a valuable tool in your pursuit of a healthy future. Feel free to contact us at METSI Care for more information and personalized guidance. Your health is our priority!